Between the two there was room for some images that were based on information not totally false. This edifice is the symbol of the technical exploit shown by the Egyptians. If these recordings are true, the statue would have served as notice of who was in control to anyone entering the city by sea. It had a cylindrical shape and was equipped with an internal staircase. At the peak of the lighthouse was a mirror that reflected the light of the sun at day, and a fire was lit each evening.
Indeed, we even found souvenir objects with reproductions of the image of the lighthouse in Afghanistan. The information was then fed into computers to create a detailed database of the sea floor. The primary accounts, coming from Hellenistic writers, also heavily influenced the places included in the wonders list. Note however that there were other statues on the lighthouse, along its base. Pharos later became the etymological origin of the word 'lighthouse' in many Romance languages, such as French phare , Italian faro , Portuguese farol , Spanish faro and Romanian far.
It also contained a similar transportation shaft in the middle. With a height variously estimated at between 393 and 450 ft 120 and 140 m , it was for many centuries among the tallest manmade structures on Earth. The Lighthouse is located in Egypt on the island of Pharaos which gave the french word « phare » in front of the city of Alexandria. But nowadays this thesis is refuted because such a monument could not have received other mentions than that of King Ptolemy I, which he surely received but of which we have no trace. French also uses that root with 'phare'. The was built on the island of Pharos and soon the building itself acquired that name.
On top of this was a statue in honor of Poseidon, the god of the sea. The writings indicated that the structure consisted of 4 main sections. These words were hidden under a layer of plaster, on top of which was chiseled another inscription honoring Ptolemy the king as builder of the Pharos. In today's money it would have cost about three million dollars to build. The importance of this edifice placed it on the list of the seven wonders even though it did not appear in it intially: The document which serves us as a reference, the , written by Philo de Bysance, not mentioned simply because it was earlier, but the lighthouse came to replace the from this list at a time we do not know. This light house of Alexandria was one of the wonders among all the seven wonders of the world, which was constructed to serve a practical purpose.
This allowed sailors to see the beam at night. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. Indeed it was exposed to a strong wind coming from the sea, that is why it should be inevitably resistant enough. Its name was found on the monument, written in lead characters, as indicated in ancient documents by the Greek geographer and Lucien, and it was this mention that made all the specialists the origin of the lighthouse. Other Internet sites of the same author in other fields: ,.
A rectangular base, an octagonal midsection, and a cylindrical upper section which housed the beacon. Understandably many scholars from different nations tend to debate about who had the most influence of how toe lighthouse came to be completed and the materials and architecture used. Indeed it was exposed to a strong wind coming from the sea, that is why it should be inevitably resistant enought. In his place the sultan Ahmed Ibn Tulun, who ruled the city, had an oratory built, giving the lighthouse a mosque role and in the process, it was the highest mosque in the world. It was the great lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Sculpture of Ptolemy Soter I. The Seven Wonders of the World or the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is a list of remarkable constructions of given by various authors in guidebooks or poems popular among ancient tourists.
He could no longer serve at that time, and it was a long time ago that he was no longer serving. It was situated on the small offshore island of Pharos, lighting the way for many sailors navigating the tricky harbor. There is also an unlikely tale that part of the lighthouse was demolished through trickery. As of today, work is being done to add the bay of Alexandria including the remains of the lighthouse on a World Heritage List of submerged cultural sites. When the Caliph at Cairo, who controlled Alexandria at this time, heard these rumors, he ordered that the tower be pulled down to get at the treasure. Another belief was that the mirror was so strong it could be used to observe and spy on competing city-states across the Mediterranean Sea, more than 100 miles away.
That is why erect upright, cut out the sky a visible tower at innumerable stages during the day. Legend also says the mirror could burn any enemy ship approaching the harbor. Starting from the middle gallery, the lighthouse rises to its summit, narrowing more and more, not beyond, however, that a man can always make the turn while ascending. It can be found in several similar forms in various countries such as Egypt, Libya, Algeria, but also in France, Italy, Spain and even in Great Britain where the shape of the Dover lighthouse, built at the Roman period, was inspired by that of Alexandria. This is a question that is difficult to answer because the sources are scarce and inaccurate.
One notices the famous lighthouse which has no equivalent in the world in terms of structure and solidity; for, independently of what is made of excellent stones of the kind called caddzan, the foundations of these stones are sealed together with molten lead, and the joints are so adherent that the whole is indissoluble, that the waves of the sea, on the north side, continually strike this edifice. It measured up to a modern 40-story building. Thus, we have definitely not heard the last of this wonder of the ancient world. If it is true that ancient history tells us that Egypt was a province of the Roman Empire, it is not unusual to find a Roman God at the top of the most emblematic tower of Alexandria. It also appears on the seal of Alexandria University.