He … was truly courageous in standing up for what he believed in. Miller continues the theme of revolving accusations in this act when Mary finally breaks down and accuses Proctor of witchcraft. How does Abigail turn the court against Mary Warren? Like Abigail turns the court against Mary by accusing Mary of witchcraft. Hale, you surely do not doubt my justice. Even when Giles Corey dies at the hands of the court, he chooses the mode of execution that will allow his sons to still inherit his property. Proctor admits his affair with Abigail and says Elizabeth dismissed her because of it.
Abigail is intense and dramatic; she targets the weak-willed Mary Warren, knowing that she will easily break from her alliance with Proctor once challenged. She tells Danforth that she was lying and that all the other girls were lying to. Abigail did this by her and her friends mimicking what Mary was saying after she said it. Danforth asks for the witness's name, but Corey refuses to give the name, for fear the man will be treated like the signers of the petition. Parris thinks that they have come to overthrow the court. The rules of the settlement were extremely strict.
In contrast, Rebecca Nurse accepts her fate passively, a long-suffering martyr to the court's injustice. The other girls follow suit. With this she also disproves Proctor eliminating her strongest opposer. However, Miller does not make Danforth a direct equivalent of the irrational demagogue McCarthy; rather, Danforth is a stern, cold man of unfailing faith in his judicial powers. It is broken, they are free! To save Elizabeth and protect himself from an inevitable accusation of witchcraft, Proctor must tear down his name and condemn himself for the crime of lechery. Hale begs Elizabeth to plead with Proctor to sign a confession, but Elizabeth states that Proctor has his goodness now, and God forbid she take it from him. Danforth agrees to let Elizabeth live another month so that she may show signs of pregnancy, and if she is pregnant she will live another year so that she may deliver.
The court fears that if this is true, it finally provides a motivation for Abigail to be lying. His book can be found at the Beverly Historical Society or online at etext. Elizabeth tells Proctor that Giles is dead; he would not answer to his indictment and the court pressed him to death, laying stones on his chest until he pleaded aye or nay. Were they born this morning as clean as God's fingers? It is Danforth's stern rationality that makes him a more disturbing figure; he is not a malicious villain equivalent to Abigail, but rather a man who has intense faith in the integrity of his court. How does Abigail treat the other girls? Contrasting considerations of self-interest lead Danforth and Parris to beg John Proctor to confess to witchcraft. I'll tell you what's walking Salem—vengeance is walking Salem. Next, Corey provides a deposition that quotes a witness who heard Thomas Putnam say he had his daughter charge a man with witchcraft in order to get his land.
How does Parris feel about his parishoners? Like Abigail turns the court against Mary by accusing Mary of witchcraft. I pray you, sir, this argument let lawyers present to you. Reverend Parris reveals himself to be a fool capable of being easily manipulated by Abigail Williams, whose guilt seems obvious thanks to her sudden escape from town and theft of Parris' savings. Hathorne comes up with an idea: if Mary was pretending to see spirits and faint during the trial, she could do the same now. Thomas Putnam uses this for economic gain, coercing his daughter into accusing George Jacobs so that he may purchase his land once Jacobs has been executed. By prompting Proctor to give an obviously false confession, Danforth indicates that he likely believes that the witchcraft allegations are false.
Why doesn't the court need witnesses? When she leaves, they are not. Miller indicates that the citizens of Salem supported the trials when the victims were obviously disreputable members of the community, but the executions of respected figures like Goody Nurse are much more controversial. When Elizabeth enters, Danforth asks her whether Abigail and Proctor had an affair. Elizabeth hesitates, agonizing, then says no. .
The other members of the court believe her when the other girls follow suit. However, even with these revelations casting further doubt on the validity of Abigail's charges, the Salem court continues with the trials and executions. Why does Danforth allow Elizabeth to speak to John Proctor? She blames Mary of witchcraft by making up a bird that is supposedly Mary and is about to attack her. Hale wrote a book titled A Modern Enquiry into the Nature of Witchcraft, which condemns those who took leading roles in the trials. I'll not conceal it, my hand shakes yet as with a wound! Hale, you surely do not doubt my justice.
The tortured reverend is a great example of the kind of rich, morally ambiguous character for which Miller is famous. Tituba and Sarah Good are foolish comic foils whose claims of communing with Satan are intended to be absurd. Indeed, he even worries that postponing the executions would show the court's weakness. To Proctor: Will you confess yourself befouled with Hell, or do you keep that black allegiance yet? After taking off for some soul-searching, Hale turns up hoping to save some lives. Parris calls a witch expert Rev. This is yet another example of the irony of the witchcraft trials: while they meant to preserve the order of society, the trials throw Salem into a state of anarchy and rebellion. The fourth act takes place in a Salem jail cell later in the fall.
Miller indicates that the citizens of Salem supported the trials when the victims were obviously disreputable members of the community, but the executions of respected figures like Goody Nurse are much more controversial. Once again Proctor gives in to melodramatics when faced with injustice. She once thought she saw spirits, but now she does not. I give you pretty dress to wear, and put you way high up in the air, and you gone fly back to Barbados! The purpose is Justice and getting rid of Salem of the Devil and his sin. This fully demonstrates how the witch hunts have gained a life of their own; considerations of reputation and the political dynamic lead the court to continue with prosecutions and executions even when the original proponents of the trials are proven disreputable, and even when the political officials who run these trials show serious doubt in the validity of the charges. And it is my fave, and yours, danforth! At the end of the story, he must decide between lying and living or refusing to confess telling the truth , but dying. He … was truly courageous in standing up for what he believed in.
Parris claims that there are rumors of a rebellion against the witchcraft proceedings in Andover. Like Abigail and the rest of the girls put on a performance for the court as proof that Mary Warren is sending out her spirit on Abigail. God was the only true witness. He rushes to embrace Betty. She says that she will have him do what he wishes, but she does want him alive. Miller continues the theme of revolving accusations in this act when Mary finally breaks down and accuses Proctor of witchcraft.