Still others simply believe the accusations, trials, and executions were motivated by grudges, hate, and other ill-wills, and that these sicknesses were ultimately unrelated to the ensuing trials. Alden was accused of witchcraft by a child during a trip to Salem while he was on his way home to Boston from Canada. They claimed they could see the devil whispering into Carrier's ear. They screamed, made odd sounds, threw things, contorted their bodies, and complained of biting and pinching sensations. Even nature conspired against the Puritans. The Salem witch trials occupy a unique place in our collective history.
The other is to believe, and to feel an excessive and unhealthy interest in them. Memories of Native American raids and fear of future attacks created an atmosphere of intense anxiety in which violent death could come suddenly. Economic and physiological causes aside, the Salem witchcraft trials continue to act as a parable of caution against extremism in judicial processes. They defined witchcraft as entering into a compact with the devil in exchange for certain powers to do evil. In light of such theories, it becomes apparent that there is no magic to explain the decisions that the people of Salem made, but was rather fueled by jealousy of economic success and religious misguidance. On September 22, eight people were hanged. Other historians believe that the reason the girls started the Salem Witch Trials had to do with the Puritan lifestyle.
The magistrate found this evidence very compelling, and a few days later, she was hanged. He also was widowed three times, and rumored to have mistreated his wives. Fashion in Salem In a place where there are hot, sweltering summers, cold, frozen winters, and just about everything in between, fashion is not exactly the most important thing on the Pilgrims' mind. Men and women wear wigs, which are very expensive—some wigs cost as much as a house! Before Parris and his family moved, the legal manner of the parsonage needed to be resolved. Malleus Maleficarum In 1486, a man wrote a book by the name of Malleus Maleficarum. The theory that the accusers were under the influence continues to gain support. Most acts of evil and witchcraft are performed during these Sabbaths.
Many consider these trials one of the most tragic series of events in the history of the United States as well as in the history of the Christian faith. Witches can exercise their power either by sending a familiar to do their evil bidding or by going themselves and tormenting their intended target. But this was only the beginning. Sarah Osborne was an elderly lady who had not gone to church in over a year, and poor church attendance was a Puritan sin. A newer, more anti-religious charter replaced the original one in 1691 and also combined the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony and several other colonies into one. Witches Teats: A mole or blemish somewhere on the body of the accused Witch is called a Witches Teat.
Witches are people who had made a pact with the Devil and in served him in exchange for the power to use black magic for their own ends. Many historians today say, yes. I have written below some of the most common ways of telling if someone is a witch, or is not a witch. The Salem Witchcraft Trials began not as an act of revenge against an ex-lover, as they did in The Crucible, but as series of seemingly unlinked, complex events, which a paranoid and scared group of people incorrectly linked. Witch Cake: Baking a witch cake is easy. King Philips War was ongoing at the time, and the front lines were only about 70 miles away from Salem.
It was also the last of the religious witch hunts. The hysteria spreads: the pastor's children, Tituba, and morphing into a dog What happened to the Parris children? Not all families wished to rejoin the congregation after the trials. Significantly, those that they began identifying as other witches were no longer just outsiders and outcasts but rather upstanding members of the community, beginning with , a mature woman of some prominence. You can check out my article on books about the Salem Witch Trials here: or you could search the court records online on the University of Virginia website. His warning against the use of spectral evidence was followed by Royal Governor William Phips establishing a Court of Oyer and Terminer to investigate the allegations of witchcraft at Salem Village.
In some cases, the accused would be blindfolded and led into a room where a person was having a fit, and if the symptomatic person's fit stopped when the accused touch them, the accused was considered guilty. In mid-September, Corey was tortured this way for three days in a field near Howard Street until he finally died on September 19. In 1692, Betty, age 9 and daughter of Rev. If eaten, the fungus can cause hallucinations and convulsions similar to those that were reported to be experienced by the allegedly bewitched girls. People in Salem believe that they are born into the world where God has already decided where they belong in the after-life. Salem Village politics also changed.
Parris also brought a black woman slave, named Tituba, for household chores and taking care of the two girls. Though economic causes did contribute to the witch trials of New England, the social and political causes of these witch trials were much more significant. Unlike today 's United States government in which Church and State are entirely separate entities, a theocracy is essentially the Church acting as the government. The disastrous consequences of these tensions included the execution of hundreds of innocent civilians during the Salem witch trials. . Her initial verdict was, in fact, not guilty, but upon hearing the verdict the afflicted girls began to have fits in the courtroom. The jail was a small wooden structure with a dungeon underneath.
Then after said the dog died so it must have been innocent. When the people went to church they were arranged my social level and wealth level. In August 1706, Ann Putnam, who was 12-years old in 1692, asked for forgiveness for the role she had in accusing the first three women. According to Wong, convulsive ergotism affects the nervous system. The new court was presided over by William Stoughton, Thomas Danforth, John Richards, Waitstill Winthrop and Samuel Sewall.