The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. He or she appoints cabinet ministers. After the Reformation, the government carry out economic system based on social economy. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
Both these achievements were reason that Indonesia became known to the West as an 'Asian Miracle' in the 1980s and 1990s. The 2004 presidential election was the first in which the people directly elected the president and vice president. And the country's major export commodities include oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, rubber, and textiles. . The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions see acid rain.
Fire season was not fully underway in the region, and skies over the large island of Borneo top were partially cloud-covered, but not hazy with air pollution. In addition to appointing the cabinet, the president is the supreme commander of the army, the navy, and the. About 6,000 islands are inhabited with Java accounting for more than half the nation's population. Java alone has 112 volcanoes. Covers basic topics including the role, function, and structure of government; basic rights of citizens; and nationwide cultural standards.
Technically, these parties were to base their political platforms on the national of Five Principles —belief in one god, , democracy, humanitarianism, and social justice—also upheld by Golkar. Judges are members of the and are managed by the Supreme Court, but they also are supervised by the Judicial Commission. Ambassador to Indonesia is ; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's. Density Indonesia's population problems center mostly around the issue of population density. The Judicial Commission Komisi Yudisial supervises these judges.
Anticorruption efforts are resisted from within the government itself and lack widespread public support. Roughly 10% is Christian Protestant and Roman Catholic and approximately 3% is Hindu, Buddhist or Confucian. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan. Economy Economy is the financial condition of the different sectors of the country. Almost all of the country's income is from agriculture considering 90% of people earn a living by farming.
Transparency International, for example, has since ranked Indonesia below 100 in its Corruption Perceptions Index. Dewan Perwakilan Daerah are elected by single non-transferable vote. This is consistent with the philosophy and ideology of each country. This is the population pyramid for Indonesia. Thus, between 1830 and 1870, the equivalent of 25 percent of the Dutch Government's annual budget flowed out of Indonesia.
Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Inflation is currently estimated at 4. Supreme Court judges are chosen by the president, who selects from nominees presented by the Judicial Commission, a special body whose members are appointed by the upper house. Inflation spiked to 17 percent by 2005. Its main functions are supporting and amending the constitution, inaugurating the president, and formalizing broad outlines of state policy.
However, political instability, slow economic reform, and corruption slowed the recovery. Satellite imaging Analysis has also showed that Indonesia has a coastline of 108,920 kilometers 68,075 miles and a total of 20,731 square kilometers 82,924 miles of reefs. Major Ethnic groups: Javanese - 45%, Sundanese - 14%, Madurese - 7. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Buildings are also more modern and clean in the areas where the Europeans who controlled them lived. The overall tax burden equals 10.
They are: Bali, Banten, Bangka-Belitung, Bengkulu, Gorontalo, Jambi, Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, Jawa Timur, Kalimantan Barat, Kalimantan Selatan, Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan Timur, Lampung, Maluku, North Maluku, Nusa Tenggara Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Papua, Riau Kepulauan, Sulawesi Selatan, Sulawesi Tengah, Sulawesi Tenggara, Sulawesi Utara, Sumatra Barat, Sumatra Selatan and Sumatra Utara. Following the resignation of President Suharto in 1998, Indonesian political and governmental structures have undergone major reforms. Although the landmark convention International Labor Organization was held in June all laws protecting domestic workers have been stalled in parliament. The decisions of these courts are based on Islamic law. Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. Men must be at least 18 years old to join the armed forces; selective compulsory service requires a commitment of two years.