At that time, there was no formal training for nurses. The predictable result of such hurried and horrific operations was postoperative infection. Much to Miss Dix's dismay, many young and attractive women were employed as nurses, and quite a few eventually married soldiers whom they nursed. George, for his part, was unfazed by his close brush with death and glorying in his promotion to captain of the 51st New York Infantry. Whitman's Washington consisted of an unfinished Capital dome with blocks of marble and granite strewn about its grounds. Whitman's body of work Whitman initially self-published a collection of his poems, titled Leaves of Grass.
Whitman writes in one of his notebooks of two such needless deaths in Campbell Hospital. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1953; Vol. He stayed throughout the war visiting wounded soldiers at military hospitals. After finding a part-time job as a copyist in the army paymaster's office, Whitman was able to support himself and visit the soldiers in the hospitals. One refused to speak to him and resented the time he spent with patients. After canvassing the hospitals in Washington, he found George still with his company across the Rappahannock from Fredericksburg, his cheek pierced by shrapnel but on the mend. A section at the rear of each ward served as a dining room and lodging for female nurses before facilities were built to house them.
But he feared the Civil War would shatter his beloved nation. On the negative side, visitors often ignored soldiers in adjacent beds in their zeal to comfort their loved ones. Miss Lydia English's Female Seminary became Seminary Hospital and was in operation between June 30, 1861, and June 14, 1865. The waste water was carried off by drains to sewers and every alternate ward had a bathroom and sinks that were kept clean by a running stream. Reputation At the time of his death Whitman was more respected in Europe than in his own country. He tried to provide anything that the soldiers needed, bringing them food, writing letters and attending to their physical needs. In the first stanza of one poem, she laid bare how the reality of war exposed the hollowness of the rhetoric that was used to instigate and justify it: My Triumph lasted till the Drums Had left the Dead alone And then I dropped my Victory And chastened stole along To where the finished Faces Conclusion turned on me And then I hated Glory And wished myself were They.
All things American interested him, especially the geography and politics. The doctors prescribed a bewildering and ineffective array of drugs at the first sign of illness. Though never directly involved in war, Whitman was able to talk about the war in a more insightful way than many poets at the time could. During his lifetime, Whitman wrote hundreds of poems about life, love and democracy, among many others. Just as the book was going to press, he inserted a short new poem about Lincoln's death. However, the huge number of wounded and sick soon made it necessary to allow women to be nurses as well. The Civil War may have ended, but the wounded remained in the hospitals for another year.
Every one of these cots has its history--every case is a tragic poem, an epic, a romance, a pensive and absorbing book, if it were only written. He also wrote , an insightful account of his wartime experiences. Whitman's experience in the war also firmed his resolve to dedicate his life to poetry. These ten buildings served as wards for the soldiers. He began making the rounds in hospitals, consoling the patients and distributing writing paper, newspapers, and treats such as fruits and candy.
The prose can be found in Memoranda During the War 1875 , and in Speciman Days 1882 ; this quotation is taken from Walt Whitman: Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts, ed. As a result, blood poisoning, tetanus and gangrene were extremely common. Lincoln knew of the poet; years earlier, Lincoln's law partner had carried a copy of Leaves of Grass to their office, where the future president occasionally read the poems aloud. Some helpless wounded were the victims of theft or were befriended in the hope of being named in a dying man's will. These themes would preoccupy Whitman throughout his life. For a time, he was editor of the New Orleans Crescent, and while living in New Orleans, he saw the tragedy of slave markets.
He also taught for a while in one-room schoolhouses on Long Island, eventually becoming a journalist, editor and poet. Walt, the second child, attended public school in Brooklyn, began working at the age of 12, and learned the printing trade. There was no regular rhyme or rhythm to the lines; they mixed elements of prose and verse, in a colloquial and personal style. According to Federal records, three of four operations were amputations. The tone and purpose of Drum Taps closely shadow the changes in Whitman's life. He was employed as a printer in Brooklyn and , taught in country schools on Long Island, and became a journalist. At last someone suggested he go to Falmouth, outside Fredericksburg, where the Army of the Potomac was camped for the winter.
It allowed him to play the part of father or older brother to these soldiers, who were largely teenagers or in their early twenties. Walt Whitman, photographed by Mathew Brady in 1862. Many private buildings were taken over and used as hospitals as well, e. His book saw print only in 1865. They are the physical and psychological setting of some of Whitman's greatest verse. The Potomac River water was distributed to the wards.
As a result, Anopheles mosquitoes and flies abounded, spreading malaria and transporting other diseases. In turn, Lincoln apparently read and enjoyed Whitman's poetry. Wounded soldiers were fed cornmeal and hard tack fried in pork grease. At the same time, the volunteers considered the regulars arrogant and set in their methods of backward medical care. C: The National Tribune Co.