Summary The narrator tells of his visit to the Garden of Love and of the chapel standing where he played as a child. James Street and Buckingham Road. By contrast, the child of experience is a vocal social critic. The child is also not given a name or gender although I will refer to the child as a male because his poor treatment can apply to many and the poem was intended to be relatable. The second stanza alludes to the past and the third stanza reveals to the ongoing situation.
The sin of organised religion, as Blake sees it, is to prevent people from seeing things as they are by training them in the fallacy of received wisdom. Lack of rhyme reflects the common theme in life that appearances often don't portray reality. The green in the foreground suggests a paradisial landscape. The narrator then told Tom not to weep and keep his peace. This suggests that organised religion is built upon innocent pain.
It is worth noticing that God has been shown in two completely different lights in these two versions of The Chimney Sweeper. The child is very eloquent and understands the contradictions in his predicament and within society. He wants society to take care of the weaker and vulnerable members and for those with influence to use their power responsibly, for the greater good. Line five rhymes with line seven; line six rhymes with line eight, and so on. The church, the government, and his parents have essentially robbed the chimney sweeper of his innocence. Though the morning was cold, Tom was happy and warm: So, if all do their duty, they need not fear harm.
These children were oppressed and had a diminutive existence that was socially accepted at the time. Look on the rising sun: there God does live And gives his light, and gives his heat away. The rhyme scheme stays very consistent, therefore the message is meant to stay constant and straightforward. It establishes a slower, reflective pace and mood. So Blake implies that social problems are intimately connected with spiritual problems. Blake uses a basic rhyme scheme for a number of reasons. By doing this the Church sins as much as the parents and employers of these unfortunate children.
In the Songs of Innocence, this major social issue has been perceived through the eyes of a little boy who takes every misery that his inflicted upon him in his stride with the hopes of a better tomorrow. Moreover, it is surprising to note here that these social evils even today prevail in our society. In 1789 the year of the beginning of the French Revolution , Blake brought out his Songs of Innocence, which included The Chimney Sweeper. Tom dreams: That thousands of sweepers, Dick, Joe, Ned and Jack, Were all of them locked up in coffins of black, And by came an angel who had a bright key, And he opened the coffins and set them all free. The k's provide a hard sound which creates emphasis on Tom's conditions that the author doesn't want us to forget. The poem challenges the very image of Great Britain as a rich and civilised nation.
He doesn't see through the eyes of child but instead has wisdom beyond his years. We wish we could tell you a whole new reason to care about this particular chimney sweeper, but we think that this poem hits home for the same reasons 's first version does. What on the surface appears to be a condescending moral to lazy boys is in fact a sharp criticism of a culture that would perpetuate the inhuman conditions of chimney sweeping on children. Like the innocent narrator, he has internalised the language of abuse and does not have the vocabulary with which to criticise it. His narrator is also a child, so using a simple rhyme scheme makes sense when a child is speaking. In fact, the Songs of Experience adds more clarity to the Songs of Innocence. These coffins are the chimneys in which they are all condemned to die.
All the little boys were naked and white after washing. The fact of the child's lack of protection against the snow heightens, too, our sense of the evil done to the child by his parents and employer. The Songs of Experience is the darker twin of the Songs of Innocence. Because I was happy upon the heath, And smiled among the winter's snow, They clothed me in the clothes of death, And taught me to sing the notes of woe. He does not know that he has been taught a false language, which makes him believe that sadness must be a fact of everyday life. The optimistic outlook, although comforting and real to Tom, is revealed to be unrealistic on earth. His parents have left him alone and are praying in church as if all is well.
The poem climaxes at the moment when the cycle of misery recommences, in the form of a new human being starting life: a baby is born into poverty, to a cursing, prostitute mother. These two poems were amalgamated in 1794 to create a new collection called 'Songs of Innocence and Experience'. Then naked and white, all their bags left behind, They rise upon clouds and sport in the wind; And the angel told Tom, if he'd be a good boy, He'd have God for his father, and never want joy. It is what others have made for themselves from what they have taken from him. According to Blake, not only have this kid's parents abandoned him, but larger institutions, like the church, have too, because everybody's too focused on Heaven rather than their own front stoop.
By contrast, the plate from The Songs of Experience shows a child bent over, hardly able to withstand the onslaught of winter weather and hard work. Innocence consists of six, four-line stanzas, where as experience is only three, four-line stanzas. Again, the final verse takes it further: there cannot be other seasons as long as children go hungry. His soiled appearance is in stark contrast to the white snow around him. Instead of using perfect rhymes, three of the last four are slant rhymes.