Hindus were the same way, in the matter that they could not see Muslims ruling over them once again even though it might not be directly ruling but rather in higher authorities. The British had followed a divide-and-rule policy in Even in the census they categorised people according to religion, and viewed and treated them as separate from each other. Also almost the entire of north India was an intermixture of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians and other minorities. Back in India several mutinies broke since January 1946 that only led the Attlee government to expedite on the independence issue. The reason for these inconsistencies could be due to the history and culture behind the management styles. These variables include the time in which the perspective was formed and documented, the side of the border at which the writer resided, the views of the resultant states and how they portrayed these views, the personal experiences of the literary writers, and so on and so forth.
The government promoted competitive economy and foreign investments. Punjab with its almost equal ratios of Muslims and Sikhs had now developed into an extreme problem. Although the Congress rejected the proposal for an interim government, they decided to join the Constituent Assembly in order to help frame the Constitution of independent India. This move was not very well taken by the Muslim League , who had a Pah-Islamic Ideology and the rise of congress and its closeness to the British Government at that time lead to suspicion among the Muslim league leaders regarding the future of Muslims in British India , if , self governance was eventually handed to Congress by the British. People were ousted from their homes by their past neighbors that had resulted in millions of refugees. Global integration was encouraged with a significant reduction in the usage of important tariffs and licenses. Furthermore, the British intention to leave India was a ticking clock forcing the two parties to come to a decision quickly rather than be granted independence only to be left in a civil war.
Thus, India gave priority to heavy industry and neglected agriculture. Aaron Tschoepe Writing Assignment 3 Right to Partition 5 Some people often buy land through advertisements they find in magazines and even newspapers that make the price seem like a great deal. Imperialism was based on the policy of divide and rule: a divided country was a weak country which could not pose a challenge to the colonising nation. But soon the arrangement broke down and Lord Mountbatten put forth the proposal to partition India using the three regions as had been suggested by the Cabinet Mission. Lord Louis Mountbatten, the then Viceroy of India, had appealed to the Hindus and the Muslims for a united India. There were better opportunities for the West Pakistanis in all areas. Answer: The Partition of India was the process of dividing the subcontinent along sectarian lines, which took place in 1947 as India gained its independence from the British Raj.
Al-Beruni, a famous savant who visited India in A. It would mean an end to it. The system of Shuddic which was adopted by the Arya Sainaj created doubt in the minds of the Muslims. This also means that music should not be played near mosques at any time because someone could be attempting to pray. In exchange for the service of more than one million Indian soldiers, the people of India expected political concessions up to and including independence. However, after the war, Britain offered no such concessions.
The ideological differences between the Hindu and Muslim populations in colonial India led the British to believe that the two new countries should be divided along religious lines rather than regional ones. Submitted By fightingpapa Words 973 Pages 4 ------------------------------------------------- Reasons for Partition By the end of the 19th century, several nationalist movements had emerged in India. In August 1946, the left some 4,000 people dead and a further 100,000 homeless. With this consideration, the literary writings provide a different insight, from a different perspective so as to study the partition. During the first half of 1948, approximately 1,000,000 Sindhi Hindus migrated to India; 400,000 more remained in Sindh. It was the largest migration in human history and upto 20 million people were affected.
As consequence, Muslims in Bengal, furthermore, remained under the control of Hindu hegemony. Violence and bloodshed between Hindu and Muslim population had become increasingly severe and forced the decision surrounding partition to be made quickly before it escalated any further. Additionally, Muslim zamindars who were powerful, were removed and reduced to poverty and in 1837, Persian was replaced by English in official jobs thereby diminishing the employment prospects of Muslims. It places the partition solely in the hands of the clueless politicians, so the partition was not inevitable and the leaders should be blamed for making such a disastrous decision and not thinking about the. The social reformer and educator, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, who founded M. The reasons are myriad and complex and I believe that one needs to look at both the Pakistani and Indian narrative to understand.
This does not come as a surprise since most of the developing countries experiencing transition in economy have encountered the same. The two nations have gone to war twice over Kashmir, in northern India, which both countries say should belong to them. Soon the slogan and the revolts garnered nationwide attention. In August 1940 Linlithgow proposed that Dominian status be given to India following the Second World War. There was a slight decrease in the period of 2005-2010, and annual growth rate was 2.
Where these countries are now, what they have become and their relationships with each other have very much been forged by the events of 1947 with Independence from Britain and the subsequent partition of India. He announced the Partition Plan on 3 June 1947, declaring that the British had decided to transfer power to the Indian and Pakistani governments by mid-August 1947. Radcliffe arrived in India on July 8 and published the demarcation line a mere six weeks later on August 17. Alas, partition of motherland was considered a political issue by Guruji Golwalkar. Support also came from the poor peasantry of East Bengal, who saw it as an opportunity to escape from the clutches of moneylenders - often Hindu. Independent Pakistan inherited India's longest and strategically most problematic borders.
Pakistan had to face the separation of Bangladesh in 1971. Labour called for almost immediate independence for India, as well as more gradual freedom for Britain's other colonial holdings. The resulting discontent was expressed in widespread violence accompanying the Congress party's 'Quit India' campaign of 1942 - a violence only contained by the deployment of 55 army battalions. And as a result of this the congress lead to calls of greater self -governance. Indian nationalism had grown largely since British policies of education and the advances made by the British in India in the fields of transportation and communication.
Given the fact that the Muslims were scattered all over the country, the British Government was in a tough situation trying to decide how sovereignty could be granted to the Muslims, keeping in mind the demands of the Muslim League and Jinnah. This month marks 70 years since the division of British India, a move which created an independent India and Pakistan and is known as the Partition. Many believe the rushed nature of the partition process was a reason for the violence. However, the question of the final boundary was still undecided. Words: 1241 - Pages: 5. The flow of migration further reduced. It was widely believed that Gurdaspur District would be given to Pakistan.