They, wrap up their doctrines about immortality and future judgment, and kindred topics, in allegories, after the manner of Plato. The latter, called Germanes by Strabo, and Samanaeans by Porphyrius, are the ascetics of a different religion, and may have belonged to the sect of Jina, or to another. Marrying many wives he begot many sons, but one daughter only. According to historian , the lack of sharp distinction between slaves and others in the Indian society unlike the may have confused Megasthenes: Indians did not use large-scale slavery as a means of production, and slaves in India could buy back their freedom or be released by their master. The name is preserved in Koringa, a great port at the mouth of the Godāvarī. Śiva they were led to identify with Bacchus on their observing the unbridled license and somewhat Bacchic fashion of his worship, and because they traced some slight resemblance between the attributes of the two deities, and between the names belonging to the mythic conception of each. They supply servants who beat the drum, and others who carry gongs; grooms also for the horses, and mechanists and their assistants.
For not only Strabo p. Having thus achieved altogether many great and noble works, he was regarded as a deity and. All access to it is forbidden to mortals. This is the breadth of India where it is both smallest and greatest. The Maltecorae were consequently supposed to have been a race of cannibals.
In both Megasthenes' actual infor- mation is extremely relevant and interesting, and useful for historians; in both cases he was mis- understood for want of a correct translation. Indika Entertainment Advertising specializes in the creation of Key Art. It may therefore be confidently inferred that the followers of the Vedas flourished in India when it was visited by the Greeks under Alexander, and continued to flourish from the time of Megasthenēs, who described them in the fourth century before Christ, to that of Porphyrius, who speaks of them, on later authority, in the third century after Christ. Besides tin and other metals are used for making a number of tools, weapons, ornaments, and other articles. Their rude solemnities, Their barbarous shouts, Apollo's heart delight; Laughing the rampant brute he sees Insult the solemn rite. During these rains, accordingly, flax b is sown and millet, also sesamum, rice, and bosmorum, c and in the winter time wheat, barley, pulse, and other esculent fruits unknown to us. Our topics are not amongst those on which Dr.
Of the Electric Eel I learn from Megasthenēs that there is in the Indian Sea a small kind of fish which is never seen when alive, as it always swims in deep water, and only floats on the surface after it is dead. They are described by more than one authority as worshipping the sun, as performing sacrifices, and as denying the eternity of the world, and maintaining other tenets incompatible with the supposition that the sects of Buddha or Jina could be meant. He built therein many sumptuous palaces, and settled within its walls a numerous population. They assign to him, like the Greeks, the club and the lion's skin. The shorter estimate of others 325 miles measures the length of a more direct route by way of Paṭiālā, Thaneśvara, Panipat, and Dehli. By hunting and trapping they clear the country of noxious birds and wild beasts.
Their huts are made of clay and feathers and egg-shells. These things indicate that they possess good, sober sense ; but other things they do which one cannot approve: for instance, that they eat always alone, and that they have no fixed hours when meals are to be taken by all in common, but each one eats when he feels inclined. The Malli or Malei would therefore be the same people as Ptolemy's Mandalae, who occupied the right bank of the Ganges to the south of Palibothra, or they may be the people of the Rajmahāl hills who are called Maler. Attendants walking behind hold up umbrellas over them: for they have a high regard for beauty, and avail themselves of every device to improve their looks. Megasthenes Μεγασθενής : Indika-fragments Quellenkunde zur indischen Geschichte bis 1858 11. This is the estimate of Eratosthenēs, who says he derived it principally from the authoritative register of the stages on the Royal Road.
All others they consider to be in a great measure pernicious in their nature. Pallad, de Bragmanibus, pp,8, 20 et seq. The Chrysei probably correspond to the Karoncha of the Purāṇic lists Vishṇu Pur. If the name of Sauvīra was derived, as I suppose, from the prevalence of the Ber-tree, it is probable that it was only another appellation for the province of Badari, or Edar, at the head of the Gulf of Kharabay. The elephant when feeding at large ordinarily drinks water, but when undergoing the fatigues of war is allowed wine,—not that sort, however, which comes from the grape, but another which is prepared from rice. From Devprāg the united stream is now called the Ganges.
Zum Beispiel: Megasthenes Μεγασθενής : Indika-fragments hrsg. He speaks also of a race living on the very confines of India on the east, near the source of the Ganges, the Astomi, who have no mouth; who cover their body, which is all over hairy, with the soft down found upon the leaves of trees ; and who live merely by breathing, and the perfume inhaled by the nostrils. The comment that there were no suits except in criminal con- texts because the remainder were, as it were, a private matter, so that everyone who engaged in commerce and the like did so at his peril, is evi- dently the comment of someone in Onesicritus' milieu by whom he was himself apparently con- vinced intending to make sense of an otherwise inexplicable social and administrative situation. The measure of the coast line from the mouth of the Ganges to this river I shall set down as it is generally given, though none of the computations agree with each other. Men do not have ears haṇging down to their feet, but both, men and women will occasionally elongate their ears after a very extraordinary fashion by thrusting articles through the lobe. They collect the taxes, and superintend the occupations connected with land, as those of the woodcutters, the carpenters, the blacksmiths, and the miners.
The remedy for other distempers to which they are liable is black wine; and if this potion fails to work a cure nothing else can save them. The Izgi are mentioned in Ptolemy, under-the name of the Sizyges, as a people of Sērikē. That their number is beyond calculation is stated not only by writers on India, but also by the learned men of the country, among whom the Brachmans deserve to be reckoned, whose testimony is to the same effect. The name is written Σιλλας in Diodorus, in Strabo Σιλιας, but best Σιλας in the epitome of Strabo and in the Anecd. My head alone, now silent, will remain, but the soul will go away to its Master, leaving the body like a torn garment upon the earth, whence also it was taken. Dēmokritos, who had travelled over a large part of Asia, disbelieves this, and so does Aristotle.
At Sūkhī the river may be said to break though the 'Himālaya Proper,' and the elevation of the waterway is here 7,608 feet. To the heat of the water the same writer ascribes the wonderful flexibility of the branches of trees, from which wheels are made, as also the fact of there being trees on which wool grows. The Varetatae cannot with certainty be identified. The apples they carry with them when they go on a distant journey, that they may always have something to smell. Weighty arguments are adduced on both sides, but the opinion of those seems to approach nearer the truth who contend that they were Buddhists.
Others again assert that it issues forth at once with loud roar from its fountain, and after tumbling down a steep and rocky channel is received immediately on reaching the level plains into a lake, whence it flows out with a gentle current, being at the narrowest eight miles, and on the average a hundred stadia, in breadth, and never of less depth than twenty paces one hundred feet in the final part of its course, which is through the country of the Gangarides. Thus they thought the Kydrakae Oxydrukai the offspring of Dionysos because the vine grew in their country, and they saw that their kings displayed great pomp in their processions. For, since there is a double rainfall in the course of each year,--one in the winter season, when the sowing of wheat takes place as in other countries, and the second at the time of the summer solstice, which is the proper season for sowing rice and bosporum, as well as sesamum and millet--the inhabitants of India almost always gather in two harvests annually; and even should one of the sowings prove more or less abortive they are always sure of the other crop. They the Brachmans eat what they find on the ground, such as leaves of trees and wild herbs, like cattle. They dislike a great undisciplined, multitude, and consequently they observe good order.