That sin and death should have shown the way to hell, might have been allowed; but they cannot facilitate the passage by building a bridge, because the difficulty of Satan's passage is described as real and sensible, and the bridge ought to be only figurative. At last they seek shelter in his mercy, soften to repentance, and melt in supplication. She told of his harshness to his daughters, and his refusal to have them taught to write; and, in opposition to other accounts, represented him as delicate, though temperate, in his diet. This comedy is of the pastoral kind, which requires no acquaintance with the living world, and, therefore, the time at which it was composed adds little to the wonders of Cowley's minority. There is a discourse concerning his government, indeed, with verses intermixed, but such as certainly gained its author no friends among the abettors of usurpation.
It is to be suspected that his predominant desire was to destroy rather than establish, and that he felt not so much the love of liberty as repugnance to authority. Men have been wise in very different modes; but they have always laughed the same way. Adam unparadised: The angel Gabriel, either descending or entering; showing, since this globe was created, his frequency as much on earth as in heaven; describes Paradise. Such relicks show how excellence is acquired; what we hope ever to do with ease, we must learn first to do with diligence. He was now safe within the shade of oblivion, and knew himself to be as much out of the power of a griping officer, as any other man.
It seems to follow from the necessity of the subject, rather than the care of the writer, that the diction of his heroick poem is less familiar than that of his slightest writings. He, long before, had promised to adorn his native country by some great performance, while he had yet, perhaps, no settled design, and was stimulated only by such expectations as naturally arose from the survey of his attainments, and the consciousness of his powers. She had so little acquaintance with diversion or gaiety, that she did not know what was intended when a benefit was offered her. Macaulay also criticised as did Lockhart what he saw as a lack of discretion in the way the Life reveals Johnson's and others' personal lives, foibles, habits and private conversation; but recognised that it was this that made the Life of Johnson a great biography. Thus Cowley, on knowledge: The sacred tree 'midst the fair orchard grew; The phoenix, truth, did on it rest, And built his perfum'd nest: That right Porphyrian tree which did true logic shew; Each leaf did learned notions give, And th' apples were demonstrative; So clear their colour and divine, The very shade they cast did other lights outshine. It has been observed by Felton, in his essay on the Classicks, that Cowley was beloved by every muse that he courted; and that he has rivalled the ancients in every kind of poetry but tragedy. Eum te agnoscunt omnes, Cromuelle, ea tu civis maximus et gloriosissimus, dux publici consilii, fortissimorum exercituum imperator, pater patriæ gessisti.
The song of Comus has airiness and jollity; but, what may recommend Milton's morals, as well as his poetry, the invitations to pleasure are so general, that they excite no distinct images of corrupt enjoyment, and take no dangerous hold on the fancy. He that could fear lest his genius had fallen upon too old a world, or too chill a climate, might consistently magnify to himself the influence of the seasons, and believe his faculties to be vigorous only half the year. He takes the liberty of using, in any place, a verse of any length, from two syllables to twelve. To give them any real employment, or ascribe to them any material agency, is to make them allegorical no longer, but to shock the mind by ascribing effects to nonentity. The same thought is more generally, and, therefore, more poetically expressed by Casimir, a writer who has many of the beauties and faults of Cowley: Omnibus mundi dominator horis Aptat urgendas per inane pennas, Pars adhuc nido latet, et futuros Crescit in annos.
In the mean time he continued his studies, and supplied the want of sight by a very odd expedient, of which Philips gives the following account: - Mr. Fruition left them nothing to ask; and innocence left them nothing to fear. Johnson's general remark, that Milton's genius had not room to shew itself in his smaller pieces, is not well-founded. It has been observed, that they who most loudly clamour for liberty do not most liberally grant it. Johnson, plainly, from party motives, is, on many occasions, industrious to depress both the moral, and poetical reputation of Milton. Why a writer changed his bookseller a hundred years ago I am far from hoping to discover.
New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014. Yet more abstruse and profound is Donne's reflection upon man as a microcosm: If men be worlds, there is in every one Something to answer in some proportion All the world's riches: and in good men, this Virtue, our form's form, and our soul's soul, is. We are told that the benefit exchanged was life for life, but it seems not certain that Milton's life ever was in danger. He can please, when pleasure is required; but it is his peculiar power to astonish. From Florence he visited Lucca. A middle is that which follows an earlier event and has further consequences.
The garden of Eden brings to his mind the vale of Enna, where Proserpine was gathering flowers. Never before was the full virtue of the Bracket made manifest. She had seven sons and three daughters; but none of them had any children, except her son Caleb and her daughter Elizabeth. An accumulation of knowledge impregnated his mind, fermented by study, and exalted by imagination. The substance of the narrative is truth; and, as truth allows no choice, it is, like necessity, superiour to rule. In Boswell's life, however, there are some recorded instances of his own subjection to this common infirmity.
In my opinion, Milton's periods are smoother, neater, and more pointed; but he delights himself with teasing his adversary as much as with confuting him. The life of Cowley, notwithstanding the penury of English biography, has been written by Dr. If he was formed by nature for one kind of writing more than for another, his power seems to have been greatest in the familiar and the festive. Another inconvenience of Milton's design is, that it requires the description of what cannot be described, the agency of spirits. But it cannot be inferred, that his poem was not read, or not, however unwillingly, admired. GeneralShakespeare:The content on General Shakespeare has been created for both the general readers and the post graduate students of Directorate of Distance Education,M. Some that have deeper digg'd love's mine than I, Say, where his centric happiness doth lie: I have lov'd, and got, and told; But should I love, get, tell, till I were old; I should not find that hidden mystery; Oh, 'tis imposture all! Deborah married Abraham Clark, a weaver in Spital fields, and lived seventy-six years, to August, 1727.
But, of all the borrowers from Homer, Milton is, perhaps, the least indebted. Cowley says, with a learned allusion to sepulchral lamps, real or fabulous, 'Twixt his right ribs deep pierc'd the furious blade, And open'd wide those secret vessels where Life's light goes out, when first they let in air. Agar, a friend of her first husband, who succeeded him in the crown-office. The song must owe much to the voice, if it ever can delight. That is why he had greater appreciation for poets like Pope and Dryden who manifested in their works-reason, common sense and experience of actual life, while Milton was criticized and condemned. I' th' library a few choice authors stood, Yet 'twas well stor'd, for that small store was good; Writing, man's spiritual physick, was not then Itself, as now, grown a disease of men. It must be, however, confessed of these writers, that if they are upon common subjects often unnecessarily and unpoetically subtile; yet, where scholastick speculation can be properly admitted, their copiousness and acuteness may justly be admired.
The beginning of the third book shows that he had lost his sight; and the introduction to the seventh, that the return of the king had clouded him with discountenance: and that he was offended by the licentious festivity of the restoration. Whence it naturally follows, that any Errors in Spelling, Pointing, nay even in whole Words of a like or near Sound in Pronunciation, are not to be charg'd upon the Poet, but on the Amanuensis. By this abruption posterity lost more instruction than delight. To give them any real employment or ascribe to them any material agency is to make them allegorical no longer, but to shock the mind by ascribing effects to non-entity. The speed of the horseman must be limited by the power of the horse.