The message the chorus is sending while the characters are dining and supposedly celebrating, is that people are different, and it's not always easy to get along, but we're all human. The gods, especially Apollo, are considered evil by the reader… 635 Words 3 Pages The Role of Fate in Oedipus the King In Oedipus the King, one can easily see the tragedy that comes when Oedipus lives out fate, although not of his own intentions. This strategy also helps give a voice to shy students who might normally not participate in whole-class discussions. If students haven't had the opportunity to learn about Greek myths, they have a harder time making the connections that they need to make in order to understand these messages. The chorus is also used as a receptive audience to things that have been said behind the scenes. Aside from the practical the chorus would have had numerous functions in providing a comprehensive and continuous artistic unit. What are they and what are they referring to? At the same one may praise primarily as an enhancer and amplifier of impression, and sometimes the voice of a moderator, or the moral voice of the people.
The Chorus speaks as one person, but occasionally, single Chorus members would have delivered lines. As a representative of society, the Chorus asks the questions to which the townspeople — and the audience — want answers. I see my classes every other day, and that fact may affect the way I plan and lay out classroom activities. Chorus discharges some broad functions in all classical tragedies. This should be the priority. Bibliography: Resources for Teachers and Students Bloom, Harold.
The messenger thinks this is good news, for it means that Oedipus can return to Corinth without fear of marrying his mother, because she isn't his real mother. The Chorus is composed of a group of elders from Thebes who observe what is happening and react to it as the audience is most likely to respond. While they are doing this, they will write down parts that are more understandable now, surprising discoveries, and questions that they still have. The phrase implied that the gods could help man avoid the dictates of fate, but that they cannot alter fate. This objective is important for students because there are many ways to view this play, and I want them to be able to look for more than just one way to interpret it. The chorus reacts to events during the plot as they happen, mostly in an unbiased and unpredictable way. Those are some of the easier lines of the chorus for students to understand because the language is clear and the intent is straightforward.
This prevented the necessity of having breaks in the action and also kept the audience up to date with what had just gone on, and perhaps offering some insight or other. They help the characters prepare by letting some time pass. Oedipus regards the Sphinx in one, and in the other he is depicted with a herdsman, Jocasta and their two daughters, Antigone and Ismene. In this way he represents audience. This also allows the audience to prepare themselves for the next scene. Ordinary Athenians were often cast in chorus roles, so it could be said that they had a stake in going to see other plays. However, I will then look at how I think the Greek audience would have perceived the role of the Chorus and then how the role of the Chorus is perceived today by a 20th century and examine the key differences in the two different sets of perceptions.
It is often the first time students have had to do this, rather than just following along with the plot. Various episodes are also marked off by choric odes. They mediate in terms of space and in terms of understanding. Ultimately, however, Oedipus must pay the price for dismissing Teiresias' judgment and the Oracle's prophecy, as yet another reminder that the Gods are infinitely more powerful than men. Before marrying Oedipus, she was married to Laius. Without their comments, the drama would have lost much of the meaning and perspective that Sophocles wanted to convey to his audience. The chorus forges peace between Oedipus and Creon, winning a pardon for Creon.
This is called deus ex machina. I will ask students to look first at the image with Oedipus and the Sphinx and take five minutes to write as much as they can about the image. I will use this strategy to give them specific vocabulary words that they will need throughout the unit, for example, dramatic irony, strophe, antistrophe, tragedy, etc. The Oedipus myth, as it is known, is the basic story that we see in Sophocles' version. He plays the role of mediator, peace maker critic, expositor and commentator. And in the two subsequent plays, we see very little evidence in Antigone that suffering teaches anyone anything except how to perpetuate it.
Another objective of this unit is to help students make connections, both with other types of literature and with other types of performance. In this instance the opposite in factual of the chorus. One last strategy involves taking a longer passage and distilling it down to the main message by asking students to restate the passage as a tweet, in no more than twenty-five words. The third song is a meditation upon a serious defect of Oedipus's nature. One strategy I will use is to compare and contrast Oedipus Rex with modern Broadway musicals. He can expand the past, comment on present and forbade the future.
This ending is quite different from the endings of the other two plays, from a mere truism about death or the fact that fate lies outside human control. Sophocles's choruses react to the events of the play. This may not be a perfect example, and the content is very different to Oedipus Rex, but it helps explain why the chorus can be difficult for my high-school students to read and to integrate the messages of the chorus into the rest of the action. A Note on Images Many of the images that you may want to use in this unit are easiest to find doing a Google image search. Introduction to Oedipus Rex Oedipus Rex, the Greek play by Sophocles, is the story of Oedipus who was the king of Thebes. The choruses were a group of men, who played roles of either male or female characters, such as the Elders, Old Women.
The functions of the chorus in this play can be categorized into five headings: 1 mediating, 2 evaluating, 3 foreboding, 4 guiding, and 5 dramatizing. They sometimes think and doubt, wish and expect the wrong. The English word tragedy often refers to horrible events; and although this can also be true in Greek tragedies, Oedipus Rex for example, Greek tragedies don't always end sadly, contrary to popular high school belief. They were after-all a very natural part of Greek theatre and their absence would certainly reflect an unorthodox presentation. Because they are elders of the community, the members of the Chorus have been in the town for awhile and have experienced all the hardships. Besides, the commentary creates appropriate mood and atmosphere of the play. Oedipus the King is a dynamic tale, expertly making use of all assets available to forge and shape a truly spellbinding play.
In order to understand the function of the chorus one must remember that at the origins of Greek drama there was only one actor; and even at later dates no more than three actors occupied the stage, each of whom may have played several roles. The next part of the poetry is called the 'antistrophe', which may provide a response to the strophe while the chorus moves from left to right. Their comment is thematic and it dramatizes the full development of their growth: they are now enlightened. Heroes in Greek epics, such as Odysseus, Telemachus, and Heracles, were often both aided and thwarted by gods. Scodel, An Introduction to Greek Tragedy, 12. .