Among them the search for job, to gain education and training, and problem related with land and agricultural productivity was the major one. Difference between Urban and Rural. What are the problems the migrants faced during their arrival in the town? Third, the lack of available land constrains productivity. Migration Splits Families While some families move to the city together, are forced to separate like Mr. So, it is however recommended to stem down the rate of migration all necessary facilities should be provided in the rural areas and Agro-based must be set up near the rural areas providing employment opportunities for the rural dwellers.
Voluntary factors such as better employment opportunities force people to move to urban areas. Such information can serve as base to social protections programmers. The major causes of migration are economic , 11. People believe that by having firsthand accounts their living conditions will be improved in urban areas Agesa and Sunwoong, 60. In different parts of African migration is considered as a means to escape economic, social, political problems and challenges — it is a survival strategy Sandar, 2005. Adepoju, 2008 The rate of urbanization in developing nations has increased in alarming rate.
Although actual data is scanty, it is believed that Wolaita Soddo town received a large migrant population each year. They show migration to be a major and continous influence on the organisation of human activities. The district has been taken as a smallest unit of the study. The study also mentioned the other pull factors which attracted the migrants were better health institutions and facilities, high paying wages, better housing, public entertainment and better sewerage system. Only when we absorb more knowledge will we enhance our scientific and technological level. The consequences of this type of migration however have similar results for different countries and over periods of time.
Some country specific evidence, in India and Vietnam, has show that migration reduced poverty at the family level. In recent years the rate of rural- urban migration in many less economically developed countries such as China has become alarming as more people waft into the urban centres from the rural areas. While European cities had been able to at least offer enough jobs to incoming migrants many cities in Africa, Latin America or Asia face severe problems like unemployment, poverty, pollution or crime. The study is based on secondary sources of data, collected from Census of India publications 2001 , New Delhi. Most of peasant lack for education. A Comparison of the Socio-Economic Condition of Migrants before and After Migration 5. Agricultural modernization involves use of machines and artificial fertilizers for agriculture.
If a person leaves his own region, he essentially forfeits his rights to these benefits. Environmental pollution: Rural to urban migration may lead to overcrowding of urban areas, which often results in increased motor vehicle emissions, industrial pollution and improper waste disposal. In 2011, there were an estimated 253 million migrant workers over 4% increase from 2010. The urbanism, which is urban way of life, emerges in the cities and gradually reaches to the rural areas, depending on their proximity to cities. The main objective of this programme is to provide 100 days of assured employment to rural household and to create sustainable asset. This triggers their movement from rural to urban for search of better opportunities.
Rural urban migration being flexible and dynamic phenomena cause diversification with a certain degree of commitment. Depending on the country, farming gives seasonal employment with no enough income to sustain rural people thus being forced to move to urban areas in search for better and well paying jobs McCatty, 9. The supply of ecosystem, natural resources, environment to societies becomes deteriorated. Moreover, due to the surplus workforce, employers tend to pay low wages, which may force their employees into harsh economic situations. Research Strategy and Design 3. Migration in developing countries has been increasing and will continue to expand despite the slowing down of migration rate in some countries in recent years. A third reason for this pattern of migration is that many people desire to expand their experiences.
One of its negative effects is higher crime rate. During economic recession they are the first people to be affected. Furthermore, the study revealed that the propensity to migrate is directly related to educational attainment. The Process of Migration, the Characteristics of Migrants and Causes of Migration to Wolaita Soddo Town 4. Hence to understand the future population shift can speculate where will be the future hot spots to inform government where resources should be diverted to accommodate growing population.
When people move from the rural areas to the urban areas, they have in mind that they are coming to work and feed their relatives at home. They look to find work that seems more productive. Is there any plans made by the government to improve the condition of the people in rural areas before? Issues faced in Rural Areas — Changes in educational system as a result of what is being taught in school vary from their traditional norms. There are various reasons for its occurrence and these reasons may vary from country to country and over periods of time. He proposed a wider presentation on the concept of pull-push Lee, 1960. The justifications are related with traditional view of the statues and role of women in the society. Modernization of Agriculture Agricultural modernization contributes a lot toward rural urban migration especially in developing countries.