Many other articles and three other parts were added to it by subsequent constitutional amendments. These are the directives or instructions that the government should follow while making any new policies or laws and in condition of not doing so they would be answerable to the electorate in the elections. As of now, the has about 450 articles in 25 parts. It forbids discrimination on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, and place of birth or any of them in matters of public employment. The aim of the Directive on collective elements in India to create economic and social democracy and the welfare state are to establish. Article 27 deals with freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion. Only educational and military titles are allowed like Colonel or Doctor etc in order to differentiate profession and post.
Article 17 of Indian Constitution Explained - This article prohibits the practice of untouchability. They were aimed to bridge the gap between the wealthy and the poor. Some of the duties also do not appear to be capable of legal enforcement. Principles set by the constitution for the formation of a welfare state. In the end, all these laws and policies try to achieve goals and principle given in Article 38 i. For example, any foreign titles like Knighthood or Lord are strictly prohibited.
Promotion of international peace and security. Article 39 c — the economy of the state will be administered in such a manner so that wealth may not yet be concentrated in a few hands and the means of production may not be used against the public interest. So although most of their rights were taken away from the Maharaja under the British rule, the Maharaja stuck to this that nobody from outside should acquire land there. Directive Principle subsequently added- 42nd Amendment Act 1976. The concept of Directive Principles of State Policy was borrowed from the Irish Constitution. Classification of Fundamental rights Originally Constitution provided for seven Fundamental Rights viz.
They are prohibitive in character and are, in fact, in the nature of injunctions requiring the state not to do certain things. We have borrowed our Directive Principles from the Irish Constitution. It also added Article 48A which deals with the protection and improvement of environments. Article 43-A Participation of workers in management of industries. Article 370 does not anywhere confer on the President legislative or executive powers so vast that he can amend the Constitution or perform the function of Parliament.
Article 40 Organization of village panchayats. The key word here being 'official'. And even after six decades of service in the state, their children are safai-karmacharis and they have been denied the right to quit scavenging and choose any other profession. This demand of Uniform Civil Code is in news after the Judgement of Supreme Court in Shah Bano Case and Haji Ali Dargah Women Entry Demand and other Temple Entry demands of women all over the country. Classic example is Indira Gandi altering the Constitution in 1974 during emergency 42nd Constitutional amendment Extra information : out of 395 articles only 150 are functional rest are all procedural articles, Substantial and enabling articles, Hope this helps Thank you Vinish Shetty Aspirant — Aspirant Yeah bro there are total 25 parts till to date. So they can not be challenged… Moreover India at Independence did not had enough resources to take the burden of fundamental rights and dpsp together. Kashmir advocate Zaffar Shah says, Article 35A has been added in the Constitutional Application Order 1954 and by questioning it, the entire Constitutional Application Order will have to be questioned.
This attempt was foiled by the Supreme Court majority judgement in Minerva Mills Case which asserted that such total exclusion of judicial review would offend the basic structure of the Constitution. Article 43A- Participation of workers in management of industries. The directive principles of state policy are incorporated in some other constitutions around the world too. Article 18 of Indian Constitution - Abolition of titles. The Supreme Court has held that Article 51 A can be used to interpret ambiguous statutes. Article 38 of Indian Constitution Directive Principles of State Policy - Social order for the promotion of welfare of the people - Article 38 1 - The first clause of Article 38 of Indian Constitution states that the state should work towards making such policies which ensure justice in all fields of life, such as social, economic or political status.
Article 41: Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases The State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want. Directive Principles of the Constitution of Indiaभारत के संविधान के नीति निर्देशक तत्व Part 4 of the Constitution of India Article 36 to 51 have been described. These are simply guidelines which the state is not legally bound to follow, but are very strongly recommended. It will also try to maintain and improve upon the breed of the animals. So Article 35A is seen as an exception allowed by the Article 370, clause 1 d. Such controversial policies might seem unfair to the general public, but are mostly for the greater good.
Article 50: Separation of judiciary from the executive The State shall take steps to separate the from the executive in the public services of the State. Article 39 Certain principles of policies to be followed by the state. This different treatment will be same for all people who live or act under these situations. Welfare state means a nation where the government bodies take care of the needs of the citizens. Article 76- Attorney-General for India.