Related Links Copyright © 2004-2008 PsychologyCampus. In a practise or recreational game the importance of not failing is less. The increased levels of arousal can lead to increased cognitive state anxiety. This theory when looking at the graph above would indicate that performance increases linear with arousal, however once optimal arousal is reached, then performance seems to rocket downhill and become as they say with this theory 'catastrophic'. Also the Inverted-U theory and the Catastrophe theory are the same as they both state the more aroused the performance decreases and you can only perform up to a certain level. In general, arousal has two kinds of effects on performance.
Usually, people are somewhere in between of those two extremes. This is known as freezing Effects of anxiety in sports performance Anxiety can affect sport performance and is seen as a negative mental state and also the negative aspect of stress. Creating positive expectations of success will help you become more confident and likely to perform close to your best. Fig 2, a picture showing the inverted u theory, teachpe. This area is also called the Zone of Optimal Functioning. This would put some stress on the tennis player, unfortunately the stress caused his skill level to decrease.
The image below provided by Psychology Today 2011 shows the divide between those labels. Middle The drive theory and the invented U theory suggest that a certain level of Arousal is needed to produce good performances. The theory originally was created to prove that there is a linear relationship between arousal and performance. Introduction Arousal and Anxiety Arousal and Anxiety commonly occur in all sporting activities. The longest-standing approach to the relationship between stress, anxiety and. Trait anxiety relates to innate characteristics that humans are born with.
The catastrophe theory still takes into consideration the arousal level but also somatic anxiety this model looks more in depth at combining the physical symptoms excitement, butterflies and the cognitive anxiety mental symptoms and its link to performance. That is when I play at my highest performance. A degree of muscle tension is essential for enhancing an athlete's sports performance. However if something in the game changes a catastrophe can occur, resulting in low levels of arousal. Many athletes suffer with this type of stress. Many of us recognise the lack of control we feel when we become nervous or how our levels of arousal can alter our reactions in certain situations.
The image below showcases how the relationship between state anxiety and performance may look for 3 distinctly different athletes. Part of the system that helps you to relax. If you're under aroused you're likely to not be up for the challenge of returning the serve. Sport can also be a cause of stress as people can become worked up before a competition. Although the two terms can be used interchangeably, they are not the same; they are seen and measured in different ways with different strategies and techniques for each.
Practitioners must set process related goals and not wholly outcome goals. Examining how it can affect sporting performance both negatively and positively. Especially if there breathing rate and heart rate decreases too much. You can see the relationship on the graph above. This supports the drive theory, with his arousal levels higher than ever in the World Cup final, he was able to produce that moment. Cognitive state anxiety It is the thought component of anxiety.
The certain level you can reach is known as the optimal level. It gives you the energy to confront the threat or run away from it. He was recently married and he was receiving a lot of media attention as well as playing extremely well both for club and country. It is also important that you understand which level of arousal is more optimal for performance. Many people confuse the terms of arousal, stress, and anxiety. It is thought that after this catastrophic decrease, the athlete is able to recover and re-join the curve, although they may find it difficult and so they might not be able to e.
This particular theory was created by Hull in 1943. In this scenario the basketball player maybe focusing on the crowds noise who thinking about something completely different to the sport they are playing. Until the 110 th minute where he head butts opposition defender Marco Materazzi. Basketball is more of an invasion came as you need to get the ball off your opponent with no contact. The amount of uncertainty that surrounds it - This could be your playing a big football match against a popular team. The difference between this theory and the inverted U theory is that the drop in performance does not have to be a steady decline when arousal levels become to high.